From 1865-1920 there has been a significant transformation in American’s lives. The industrial revolution has made a significant transition point in the history of America due to its daily influence.
After the civil war, many unpredictable events transformed daily lives and built improvement. Industrial revolution affected farming, legislative, and manufacturing and enhanced prosperity. This led to increasing wealth and living standard.
Mining sector improved by using raw material from factories in a short time. Farm owners adapted industrial practices that saved time. Manufacturers used rail to transport their finished goods to market in less time. Railways became a profitable business by that time. American industrialization started.
By that time, the massive workload was abundant. The theme of the paper revolves around the development perspective due to industrialization, after the civil war.
“To understand the changes in the whole economy, there is a need to investigate each sector, such as society, politics, and economy”
People got awareness due to industrialization and adopted changes that helped them improve their living standards. They focused on education and becoming technical in every manner. Mass production was the primary output due to American industrialization.
American Industrialization and Development
American Industrialization brought three main aspects. First of them is urbanization.
Industrial expansion after the civil war caused countries to populate. The country became increasingly urban, and population increased forced transportation system to get revolutionized.
The growth of urban population was due to unprecedented immigration to the US in the twentieth century. After reconstruction, such migration developed segregation aspects of the African and American society.
Increased population raised demand for products and living. Increased demand brought mass production, and business ventures expanded. Human beings used as machines to develop and produce goods. This increased workload made legislators to introduce laws for the protection of workers.
Secondly, transportation improvement increased per capita income. This stimulated entrepreneurship and technological innovation. New opportunities were created, and profit was earned.
Technology advances developed several functions such as cutting-edge development in chemicals, electricity, steel, and automobiles. Thirdly, after the civil war, the role of government came up front. Different government institutes facilitated businesses and entrepreneurs and modified new legislation to protect labor force.
Federal government worked to create a system of sound performance to maintain intellectual property rights.
Three specific groups after the civil war that emerged as most influenced were politics, economy, and society. Policies evolved new ways of practice, and different parties presented their agenda to serve public. Democratic and Republican parties united to perform for the betterment of the economy.
The economy faced increased demand for products. To meet that demand, production was raised, and supply was created. This led to mass production of products, innovative manufacturing techniques and technical production in different sectors.
Financial institutes developed, and federal government focused on the achievement of policy goals. National banks issued currency in the form of bank notes for the bonds holding.
The third specific group was society. Most importantly, women came into action. Industrialization developed the ways of workforce and women participated as working ladies in different sectors of the economy. Middle class benefited most of such transformation because it helped those getting jobs and improving their lives.
The invention of new technologies caused people to invest more in technical aspects so that further development can be carried out.
Adoption of profitable strategy for workers helped dissemination of information and technological improvement. Life at the beginning of the colonial period was changed into developed society with the presentation of industrial factories. In the 18th century, this process started first time in England.
It accelerated the socioeconomic, technological and cultural factors there and after that, they spread to the rest of the world. It occurred first in England due to people’s orientation towards a technology-based economy.
Colonies played a significant role in developing the economy to a technology-based atmosphere. The world leading settlements were due to a change and development. Due to useful resources such as iron ore and coal, colonies built them towards a highly developed power that increased demand in other societies and this initiated the factory system and mechanization rise.
Since industrial revolution is the most specific event in the history and current capitalist world emerged as an industrialist society, there were some disadvantages occurred.
Disadvantages of Industrialization
Most of the community was capitalist, and that tend to maintain that status quo, so inequality in wealth distribution stayed there. Accentuation of wealth in the same hands was the most prominent problem by that time that changed its forms in modern times, but the central concept is identical.
The main criticism is against the large-scale industries that they accelerated the urbanization process, hence a significant contribution to poverty and pollution. Overpopulation raised many issues such as crimes, pollution, shortage of food and increased demand for living necessities.
However, such growth is attributable to a population increase which is responsible for environmental hazards. American Industrialization also faced significant disadvantages.