Demosthenes

Demosthenes was a politician, and Athenian speaker considered the best speaker of ancient Greece. Coming from a family of wealthy businessmen, he lost his father when he was seven years old, and his tutors Áfobo, Demofonte, and Terípides abused their patrimony, so, as they approached the age of majority, they had to take long legal proceedings to preserve some of their his fortune.

According to the biography written by Plutarco, his admiration and interest in oratory would have been awakened when his pedagogue clandestinely introduced him to the Assembly, where he witnessed brilliant self-defense by the statesman Calístrato. A disciple of Iseo, he read the works of Isocrates and practiced in his first youth the profession of logographer. He overcame his difficulties for oratory through declamatory exercises.

The source by Worthington is a scholarly book. The organization published this book is a professional and credible source of information.  The author has specialized in Ancient Greek history. The author has cited credible sources of Greek classics. The book is written for the purpose of appreciation of Greeks and stands comprehensive for students and learners. Ian Worthington is specialized in oratory and Greek history. He worked mainly on the early Hellenistic history and Classical.

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The ancient tradition has given us details of his life, some of which have something of a legend, such as Demosthenes’ intended stammering, which he would have corrected by working on speaking with a small pebble put into his mouth. The truth is that Demosthenes, by force of will manage to overcome the physical defects that afflicted him.

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The author is well known in the 20th century due to work on Roman and Classical. He presented many reliable publications, such as Ancient Economic history, Athenian Democracy, and The Greek city. The contribution of Jones used for this paper is published for the purpose of learning and spreading knowledge to individuals. He worked completely on a comprehensive synthesis of Romans.

The fame of Demosthenes even surpasses the fact that he was the loser of the contest of his life: the one he maintained in favor of freedom against Philip II of Macedonia.

The source for this information is Gunther Martin. He is a professor at the University of Zurich and largely worked on classical Greek studies. This scholarly source used for the paper is published in Oxford University Press. OUP is a prestigious publication company that is a vast catalog of reliable books. The work presented by the author is peer-reviewed and shows a comprehensive framework. Martin largely worked on literary texts and historical reality.

Professor Gunther Martin is well known for his several publications related to ancient history and Greek. He presented a comprehensive book on a corpus of Demosthenes. He also worked on the Greek political imagery in relation to Aristotle. The source used for this paper is scholarly and provides a clear vision of Martin.

Demosthenes life developed during the fourth century BC, where the so-called “crisis of the polis” is located: the ruin of numerous communities, the sterile wars, the armies of mercenaries, the exiles, the pirates, the conflicts between social classes, the forgetting the traditional gods with the consequent assault and ruin of their temples, etc. Only the world born after the conquests of Alexander the Great was able to find new frameworks that achieved its universality for the Greek civilization.

Demosthenes decided to study rhetoric. He reviewed with great zeal the work of Thucydides, where he forged his main political ideas (democracy and greatness of Athens), and although some tradition considers him a disciple of Isocrates (it is true that some isocratic influence appears in his first speeches, but they may well have been born of the reading of his works), went to the school of Iseo de Calcis, who had specialized in cases of inheritance.

After lengthy proceedings against the artful Áfobo and his brother-in-law Onétor, Demosthenes managed to recover a substantial part of his assets, which allowed him to lead a comfortable life. As if that were not enough, his limited success was accompanied by the fame that enabled him to start a career as a logógrafo. Forensic speeches for their clients have conserved more than forty fragments (although the apocryphal exceeds a dozen).

Joseph Roseman worked on The Rhetoric of Social and Political Values that is published in a reliable publication Oxford. Roseman is the professor of Classics and mainly worked on Athenian general Demosthenes. He is famous for its work in Greek, ancient classics, and history. This work is peer-reviewed and presented the efforts of different writers.

History and religion are the main expertise of Joseph Roseman. He is well known for his publication and research articles. The history of Alexander is also described by Roseman. Since he is an ancient historian, he loves to present Greek history and rhetoric. He published some of the very famous books like ‘The classical art of Command’ and ‘Lives of Attic Orators.’ The source used for information about Demosthenes is a credible publication.

In order to refresh the memory and to make understand something of that time, we could compare the policy of Athens on the other Greeks to which England maintained on the European continent during the past centuries. Moreover, because it appeared as a guarantee of freedom, Athens helped but did not dominate but, having saved it from disaster, returned the city to its own government.

Agnew, Mirhady, Katula, Walker, & Enos published in Southern Illinois University Press, a well-known and famous publication press that publishes annually 50 titles.   This scholarly work is peer reviews and remarkable classical material. The book has used previous evidence and past literature of different authors. The purpose of publishing this book is to provide a slim volume of ancient rhetorical analysis to students and teachers. The contributors of this book belong to different walks of life and focus on history, Greek classics, ancient literature, and literary elements.

This source is a complete information package for learners, students, and people who take an interest in reading Greek myths. The combined effort of these authors is also seen from many other publications because each of them has expertise in classical, ancient history, and Greeks.

The term Demosthenes, when searched in Oxford Classical Dictionary, it provided with some similar meanings. For instance, “Demosthenes, an Athenian general, who had no political ambitions, and wanted to break the military salemate,” this meaning is provided by dictionary. At another place in the dictionary, “Demosthenes renewed the war and worked with Eubulus to bring peace in the region.”

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