Ethical dilemmas during epidemics and natural disasters occur frequently, and they cause societal loss.
It creates burden on society, individuals, and health status. In case of a disaster-stricken community, researchers may face ethical dilemmas that may differ in nature and are destructive too.
The researcher may suffer stress, anxiety, burden and depression among people. He/she can take steps to tackle the situation by ensuring their security and safety.
After a disaster, the main level is to provide relief to people with substantial ethical and moral support. Emergency management is attributable to effective planning.
People need to get out of risk environment and need security on health terms. Relief funds are necessary for people to provide them recovery from disaster.
In a disaster-stricken community, the researcher can give courage, resilience, communication, charity, and vigilance.
These steps build confidence and encouragement among the public, and they can manage it ethically.
Tackling ethical dilemmas after a disaster technically understands of people needs and moral values implementation.
Emergency management is an art that needs better organization, management, and provision of necessities to affected people. Through better financial and moral support and effective communication, people can develop the confidence to face the crisis.
Community Vulnerability Analysis
Community vulnerability analysis efficiently supports the hazard mitigation policy and devises a systematic strategy that can help evaluate the vulnerability.
The vulnerability is susceptibility of the community from hazards, and disasters. The critical factors to conduct such analysis are, social, physical, economic and environmental.
In the Central United States, the community has to face earthquake risk under central US earthquake consortium report, and seismic communities are at more risk of an earthquake.
The development and prioritizing the mitigation strategies to manage risk are essential to tackle the threat. Moreover, improvement of response, recovery capabilities, and expedition of activities are necessary steps to build safe framework.
Hazard identification, assessment, and analysis of critical facilities by societal, economic and environmental factors are needed to bring efficiency in providing safety to the community.
These steps are important to build efficient vulnerability setup in the most vulnerable population. These communities should also mitigate about possible risks and threats of disaster.
Vulnerable communities also need effective preventive measures to face the potential dangers of earthquake according to seasonal factors.
How to Manage Emergency
Earthquake is a kind of household disaster. Household disaster type of activities needs disaster planning. It needs preparedness for emergency management. It needs courage, stamina, and support.
To manage the disaster, management and preparation require establishing of resources, skills to practice and adequate training and development of warning system.
The pre-disaster action is needed to improve the efficacy of disaster response as well as safety. It is important to conduct training of emergency management, developing training manual and awareness charts for the community.
This activity includes awareness, danger and rescue activities for people and helped them adopt preventive measures at the time of threat. Through anticipating disaster problems, resources were managed quickly, and people were prepared to face an emergency situation.
These activities help to estimate the risk and threat of disaster and support people to understand the management and planning to tackle any emergency. Such actions are positive to reduce the negative consequences of an accident and efficiently handle the emergency situation.
Though adopting preventive measures, i.e., security measures by detecting earthquake signs, it helps much to communicate its efficacy to the community.