April 18, 2024
Chicago 12, Melborne City, USA

Federal Emergency Management Agency

Federal Emergency Management Agency

FEMA is the Federal Emergency Management Agency in the US that belongs to the Homeland Security Department. Putting FEMA under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) benefits many functions.

Federal departments have faced many issues concerning disaster preparedness with security issues. US Congress and President Bush funded DHS, which acted as the formal part of the government.

FEMA, in coordination with DHS, has performed many essential functions in a unified manner. The primary focus was on security for transportation and border and response and emergency preparedness. Another influential performance by the Federal Emergency Management Agency is aboutmical, nuclear, biological, che and radiological countermeasures.

Twenty-two federal agencies integrated to pursue these tasks while the Federal Emergency Management Agency is no longer at cabinet-level status.

DHS worked for security improvement within government organizations. The vital connection between FEMA and DHS is evident from various examples, for instance, FEMA working with the Native American Tribes and the lasting partnership with Alaska natives and Indians to help them face hazards, disasters, and various strikes in coordination with DHS.

Environmental Protection Agency

Federal Emergency Management Agency worked with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the removal of severe efforts about landfills. The role of the EPA is to clear the land by monitoring it and helping in recovery.

The emergency manager has to face severe climate changes and disasters related to the environment. Emergency managers prepare them to meet extreme weather, seasonal changes, and possible calamities.

However, emergency managers may still need to be fully aware of all the possible seasonal changes; they can monitor, plan, and adapt to them.

In the case of emergency management in New York and California, meaningful climate change is severe cold or sometimes fire in forests that can be dealt with by quick response and preparedness. According to emergency management rules, mitigation is essential. It is about eliminating the probability of hazard occurrence. In the case of Australia, seasonal bushfires are common, and this high risk can be avoided by fire preparedness.

Haiti faces seasonal changes in severe earthquakes, and emergency managers plan a quick response team to withstand the situation to improve living conditions.

Many regions experience every kind of fluctuation, such as floods, earthquakes, and storms; preparing a quick response team that will coordinate with the relief team and provide living conditions is essential. 

Disaster and Catastrophe

There is a vast difference between emergency, disaster, and catastrophe; distinguishing them is evident in preparing response plans for each situation.

An emergency is a serious, dangerous, and unexpected situation that needs immediate action. To make people aware of such cases, specific alarms are sounded to help people become aware. Such a crisis is extreme and urgent.

A disaster is a natural catastrophe about the loss of life and sudden damage.

Disaster is when the community cannot help each other, for example, floods and storms, where people break the bond with one another. Federal Emergency Management Agency helps people and masses extensively from catastrophes.

A catastrophe is a great event that causes sudden suffering or damage. Catastrophes are much heavier and larger disasters, for example, hurricane Katrina, that have a social impact on people’s lives.

The impact of disaster and catastrophe is the same, using social influence and destruction. Disaster is capable of destroying a specific area as well as surrounding buildings. Floodwater damages the location and utilities such as drinking water and electricity. Social scientists observe environmental and nuclear effects on people.