FEMA is Federal Emergency Management Agency in the US that belongs to the homeland security department. Putting FEMA under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is advantageous for many functions.
Federal department has had faced many issues concerning disaster preparedness with security issues. US Congress and President Bush funded for DHS which acted as the formal part of the government.
FEMA in coordination with DHS has performed many essential functions in a unified manner. The primary focus was on security for transportation and border, and response and emergency preparedness. Another influential performance by Federal Emergency Management Agency is about biological, chemical, nuclear and radiological countermeasures.
Twenty-two federal agencies integrated to pursue these tasks while Federal Emergency Management Agency is no longer at cabinet level status.
DHS worked for the security improvement within government organizations. The vital connection between FEMA and DHS is evident from various examples, for instance, FEMA working with the Native American Tribes and the lasting partnership with Alaska natives and Indians to help them face hazards, disasters and various strikes in coordination with DHS.
Federal Emergency Management Agency worked with Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the removal of serious efforts about landfills. Role of EPA is to clear the land through monitoring it and help in recovery.
The emergency manager has to face severe climate changes and disasters related to the environment. Emergency managers prepare them to face the extreme situations of weather, seasonal changes, and possible calamities.
However, emergency managers may not be fully aware of all the possible seasonal changes yet; they can monitor, plan and adapt to the changes in season.
In case of an emergency management in New York and California, meaningful change in climate is severe cold or sometimes fire in forests that can be dealt with by quick response and preparedness. According to emergency management rules, mitigation is essential. It is about eliminating the probability of hazard occurrence. In the case of Australia, seasonal bushfire is common, and this high risk can be avoided by fire preparedness.
Haiti faces seasonal changes that occur in the form of severing earthquakes and emergency manager plan a quick response team that will withstand the situation to improve the living conditions.
Many regions experience every kind of fluctuations such as flood, earthquake, and storms, it is essential to prepare a quick response team that will work in coordination with the relief team and provides living conditions.
There is the wide difference between emergency, disaster and catastrophe and the distinguishing them is evident to prepare respective response plan for each situation. An emergency situation is a serious, dangerous and unexpected situation that needs immediate action. To aware people about such cases, specific alarms are useful that help people to get awareness. Such a crisis is extremity and exigency which is an urgent situation.
A disaster is a natural form of catastrophe that is about to loss of life and sudden damage.
Disaster is a situation when the community is unable to help each other, for example, flood and storms, where people break the bond from one another. Federal Emergency Management Agency helps extensively people and masses from catastrophe.
A catastrophe is an event that causes sudden suffering or damage which is great. Catastrophe is a much heavier and large disaster, for example, hurricane Katrina that has a social impact on people’s lives.
The impact of disaster and catastrophe is the same using social influence and destruction. Disaster is capable of destroying the specific area as well as surrounded buildings. Floodwater damages the area and utilities such as drinking water and electricity.
Emergency manager takes into account associated damages and adopts respective policies under Federal Emergency Management Agency. Social scientists observe environmental and nuclear effects on people.