Plato was the ancient Greek philosopher, and he presented many philosophical theories that were based on the western thought. Socrates was his teacher, and he was the Aristotle Teacher. In his famous writings, he showed the touch of beauty, justice, philosophy, equality, and theology with the aesthetics.
Under the epistemology and language philosophy, the Academy of Plato was built in Athens. This is the western world institution that serves the higher learning approach. By the period he born, there was a lack of primary sources, and in his life, many scholars came that made influence with the contemporary theories and the classical historians.
Artisan was the father of Plato and belonged to Greek aristocracy. His mother was Perictione and historically related to the 6th century Solon, i.e., a Greek statesman. The name of Plato was given by his grandfather, according to some scholars and the evidence provided that he was the eldest son in the family. The curriculum, by that time, he studied was based on Pythagoras and Cratylus with the Parmenides.
These studies made the foundations of the metaphysics by Plato and the epistemology. This is related to the concept of God. The actions taken by God and the independent activities performed by human beings both seem to be exclusive alternatives.
For instance, if God’s foreknowledge is considered absolute sure and every occurrence in the universe attributed to God, it becomes challenging to explain the fact that human choices are independent. Same is the case if God’s grace is a noble choice that may benefit the human being. In this way, the role of God as omniscient or omnipotent becomes less prominent. However, the vexed philosophical puzzle is good to handle the issue of free choice.
He was the Greek scholar, born in 384 BCE. In the Western history, he was an intellectual figure and secured this position quite well. The scientific and philosophical system, he presented showed a developed framework of scholasticism and Islamic philosophy about medieval. In the reformation, renaissance, and enlightenment, the concepts of Aristotle thinking merged in these schools of thoughts.
The intellectual range he showed was vast, that had covered most of the world philosophies, and other arts subjects like botany, ethics, biology, mind philosophy, metaphysics, and poetics. He presented formal logic and the theoretical as well as observational theories. Being the most outstanding philosopher, his contribution towards the sciences and ethics are excellent. He provided that what makes a human life right, and what are the worth living objects, attributes, and values.
The life of Aristotle and his thought has the contribution to the development of many theories. He presented the logical refutation of different arguments and the role of the systematic treatise based on formal logic. The scholarly thoughts have shown the values of life and the contribution of positive values. Firstly, the belief that all the humans will be presented before God one day is purely due to the spiritual approach of an individual.
Considering these transitions, one will agree to the concepts of afterlife and the fay of judgment only if he or she also believes in the exclusive power of God for controlling the whole universe. On the other hand, the negative side of this approach is that it made human freedom quite conserved and confined to specific criteria as prescribed by the particular religion. For instance, God orders its people to behave ethically according to His standards to become successful on the Day of Judgment.