The rated capacity of jail is the maximum number of prisoners or beds that can be accommodated in a jail. The design and operational capacity of jail is responsible for catering the prisoners.
It refers to the number of prisoners that can be adjusted as well as the maximum number of the persons who can live in jail premises to the extent.
The number of beds installed in a facility based on the assessment of the rating officials while design and operational capacity is attributable to this. According to Harrison and Karberg in 2003 only in the United States, jails inserted 22,572 beds to entire jails capacity to house more prisoners.
Operational capacity is the maximum number of prisoners a prison can safely hold, based on the factors that determine that how many persons can fit in the building like the capacity of facilities offered, the architectural design of the building, number of emergency exits, and the number of employees that run the institution.
Operational capability is vital regarding the safety of the prisoners and others that reside in the jail building to avoid any structural damage or an accident.
Design capacity refers to the number of persons a jail was designed to reside in. At the time when the jails are built the design of the premises shows what kind of security the facility requires.
For instance, what will be the security level of prison?
Will it hold the less violent short-term prisoners that need the minimum level of security of will the prison be a medium security that is planned to have more aggressive criminals that will be serving imprisonment for nearly twenty years or more?
Or should it be a Maximum Security Prison that will hold most aggressive prisoners that will be serving life sentences or waiting for the execution?
Prison overcrowding is reduced by undertaking specific measures to reduce crimes and start initiatives of public awareness.
Overcrowding can be reduced if small number of people will be sent to prison for the drug crime cases.
Drug offenders should nominate short kind of sentences. Judges should provide greater level of discretion while making sentencing.
If prisoners are exhibiting good behavior, they should reward with credit. Such measures will reduce the crime rate and encourage offenders to adopt a balanced lifestyle.
Design and operational capacity of prison determine the capacity of plan being offered for prisoners. It is significant for the understanding of prison management.