Healthcare system is quite expensive in the world. According to NCBI, the health status of Americans is poor when compared with the industrialized and western nations. In this analysis of health disparities, minority group health status, like African American is important. Health promotion in the diverse population of America is on below average.
There is an inclusion of various indicators such as socioeconomics aspects, ethnicity, and racial elements. Usually, in some locales, the rate of death in minority Americans is equivalent to those in a third world nation. Minority Americans bear poor health indicators as compared to other whites.
According to a public health forum, optimal health is a fundamental right for all for the whole life. Several actions that are important to improve the health issues matter most. The need to implement the ways to protect and promote women health by accentuating the ethics regarding public health is significant.
Public health practice in light of many evidence-based health forums is ethical. It provides many moral foundations for the health promotion and justifies the values on which health disparities can be treated. Public health ethics is a set of beliefs that are related to the scientific information and stakeholders.
Health Disparities and Public Lens
The public health lens is a focus on the health of a population and specific challenges that are critical to get equitable distribution. The current health status of the American African minority group describes the percentage that belongs to an ethnic or racial group. The health indicators like infant mortality and life expectancy have shown an improved trend for Americans. The experience of minorities for the disease prevention is in a disproportionate value when compared with the non-minorities.
The health disparities and promotion for this group is important regarding chronic diseases. Usually, chronic diseases are the leading causes of death of 7 people out of 10 on an annual basis, treating people with chronic diseases costs nation most regarding healthcare. The health promotion system is set for some specific diseases such as cancer, heart diseases, diabetes, and promotion of oral health, reproductive health, tobacco use and chronic tribal prevention of illness.
The racial and ethnic groups in the United States face serious health concerns. These health disparities are confronting multiple causes that are going complex gradually. The social determinants of lack of education, poverty, and racism are the most influential factors for health disparities. Chronic disease prevention and health promotion offer primary and secondary health promotion to the communities.
The program activities are based on the primary functions that are termed as support activities. The implementation of public health programs needs surveillance, improved communication, and translation for a search for public awareness. Primary health care promotion prevention for the minorities is for cancer, and chronic diseases are of a secondary nature. The mission of an organization is to disseminate information and spread awareness among the public, researchers, policymakers, and practitioners.
Use of the second approach for health care prevention and promotion by Center for disease control is for the betterment of minorities, improvement of health perspectives and support communities to adopt healthy choices. Everyone deserves an opportunity to be healthy, but in the USA several ethnic and racial groups have poorer health than other Americans. There are many different causes of these health disparities in which some are complex, these include the following:
- Community and Environment conditions, for instance, the need for resources that can help healthy food and physical activity options.
- Poor health behaviors, such as the use of tobacco, poor diet, and physical inactivity.
- Lower quality and availability of healthcare access, poor medical services, etc.
- And most importantly: the social factors, like poverty, racism, discrimination, and lack of education.
Health disparities create chronic diseases. Diabetes, cancer, heart diseases and strokes are most common and among the significant causes of disability, illness and deaths in the United States. These chronic conditions and the reasons that lead to them are more common and severe for the minority groups in the USA, specifically for Non-Hispanic Blacks, American Indians, Asians, Hispanics, Alaska Natives, Pacific Islanders, and Native Hawaiians.
Ethnic and Racial minorities usually have the worst health care facilities and face more problems in seeking better health care, such as chronic disease management and preventive care. These kinds of health disparities can cause higher health care costs and poorer health outcomes.
The National Center for Health Promotion is working in four major areas, surveillance, and epidemiology, health care system interventions, environmental approaches and social programs related to clinical services. This comprehensive work helps healthy living and behaviors, provides better health opportunities and supports Americans to manage their health better.
To improve the health conditions in Ethnic and Racial groups, and reduce health disparities, CDC works with its partners like health agencies, academia, community organizations, and other federal agencies. CDC’s REACH programs work to support these efforts.