Genetically modified organisms are present in the market for 20 years and society is availing their benefit by commercialization and cultivation genetic modification. Today, specific GMOs are present in the form of crops that are being cultivated in several countries, of which some are poor.
Some Specific Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
The increased scope of genetically modified organisms in agronomic practices and biotechnology fields is helping nations to alleviate poverty among farmers and help them with resources.
GMOs are those plants and animals, that are undergone in a transformed gene process and their DNA is replaced with other species of bacteria, living organism or viruses.
This is done to acquire desired traits or to tackle with pests. Some specific GMOs that are present in this environment are soy protein, corn starch, canola, alfalfa, and sugar beets.
In Canada, herbicide resistant canola cultivated which is helpful in the country in substantial value exports.
Are GMOs safe?
The genetically modified organisms in various countries are safe and they undergo a process in which genetic engineering technique is common. Not every scientist agrees that they are safe to eat for the long term.
According to the European Union, only few genetically modified crops have been approved and mandatory labeling is taken place for those products.
Labeling for GMOs as recommended by scientists so they fear that these products may cause allergies in human beings.
Food and Agriculture Association developed protocols for the testing of GMOs and only products, which have non-allergic effects, are available in the market.
Many bills passed regarding the labeling of GMOs, in order to make its utilization possible for humans and animals. Labeling of GMOs products for import purpose has been a consultation issue and a trade dispute in 2003.
Type of Food that Contain GMOs
In many approved commercial products, GMOs are present. Their specific use is intended for these products, i.e. herbicide tolerance is implemented in Soybean.
In Corn, insect resistance is present, in canola, altered fatty acid composition is induced and in plum, virus resistance is incorporated.
Some products are under development, for GMOs, such as rice for vitamin enrichment, in tobacco, incorporation of vaccines and in maize, oral vaccines.
Coho salmon is under development for its effect of faster maturation as GMO. Potential GMOs applications are supportive for further research and benefit.
For instance, microorganisms can clean environment and act as biodegraders. In grocery stores, many products include GMOs, processed food and crops contain it.
Soy milk contains GMOs, rice in its variety known as golden rice, that includes beta carotene i.e. vitamin A is being developed in Philippines.
GMO’s Impact on the Environment
Pesticides as genetically engineered seeds such as, Dow agrosciences, Pioneer, Syngenta, Monsanto, Bayer and BASF.
These are biggest producers of insecticides and chemical herbicides. The environmental effects of GMOs are to decrease the greenhouse gas emissions, to reduce the chemical insecticides use for the insect resistant crops and to conserve water by the help of drought resistant crops.
Moreover, GMOs vegetables and fruits can be stored longer and can reduce food wastage.
Due to the effect of genetically engineered seeds, there is less chance for pollination and less availability of nectar. Toxic residue of GM crops stays in soil and nutrients vanished.