Everyone knows about Rousseau’s social contract. The comparison of the viewpoints presented by Hobbes and Rousseau depicts they both support education. Also, their ideologies are applicable in the current world settings. Thomas Hobbes was a political philosopher and thinker who presented his concerns about the importance of education. Hobbes expresses the reasons for attaining knowledge and its relevance to the social order.
Perception on Rousseau Social Contract
The views presented by Hobbes define the present world as it explains the importance of education in preventing improperly conceived interests. His emphasis on the fact that moral education is vital in promoting properly conceived interests in society.
He also identifies education as an essential tool for the maintenance of social order. The society without education cannot attain order or civilization. Rousseau social contract favors the power of knowledge in shaping the world and generations.
His idea of education illustrates the cause and effect, explaining the power of knowledge. It presents valid reasoning behind the significance of education as he builds its relevance with enlightenment and empowerment. Knowledge is the central component promoting the development of empirical sciences and other related fields, becoming the cause of human advancements.
His most active role in promoting education is, ‘theory of learning.’ In his theory of learning, he explains the logic behind the existence of the world and societies. Without education, people would follow no laws that would result in political dispute and devastation. Rousseau social contract presents more realistic and valid reasoning for the importance of education. The theory explains that people learn to follow laws; natural laws, moral laws and society’s laws through education.
The political philosophy of Rousseau relies on the desire for self-preservation concerned with encompassing piety, vanity, self-consciousness, and desire of status.
Rousseau writes, “each one began to look at others and to want to be looked at him, and public esteem had a value.” He tries to highlight the benefits of human advancements making the world a better place for living.
The thoughts of Rousseau on education highlight its significance on human development and enlightenment of soul. He expresses his concerns regarding the importance of formal education.
Rousseau social contract reflects that he encountered difficulties due to having no education.
Rousseau View on Education
The assessment of Rousseau’s work depicts that his thoughts on education remain visible in the present world. The educational beliefs presented by him shaped the societies and the people.
However, the views of Rousseau are limited to formal education while Hobbes also included the role of mathematical abstractions.
It is through the knowledge that the people learn to abide by laws and the repercussions prevent them from acting wrong.
Lack of formal education caused difficulties for Rousseau to adjust to the society and live with the people, motivating him to live in solidarity. His thoughts on education promoted the educational concerns and developments by society in various aspects of human life. Rousseau social contract argues that education is essential for human beings as it gives them the purpose of living and reshapes them.
According to him, the role of education in developing personal thoughts and reasoning is influential. Without education, people rely on the opinions of others that lead to the weakened human state.
Hobbes expresses his views on the nature of human, who is self-centered. Through the concept of self-centered beliefs, the philosopher attempts to explain that it is only the knowledge of the action and consequences that prevents society from doing wrong. According to his views, the existence of society was not possible without education and knowledge.
No force is stronger than the knowledge that could stop humans from engaging in wrongful acts. The existence of peace and prosperity is also possible due to education. The concept is more apparent in current world as the public law sets limitations, while the knowledge of laws prevents people from committing harm to others. Rousseau social contract reveals that Hobbes connects education with the legal duty.
With increased social-political restlessness, apparent in unemployment and poverty society would cease to exists it people lacked knowledge of laws and principles. It is only the knowledge of civil laws that prevent people from harming others.
The argument of Rousseau on education is limited to the human advancements, while Hobbes viewpoints on education define the role of humans that they take in the current world and is also the logic behind society’s existence.