Utilitarian Arguments by Mill and Pojman

John Stuart Mill has provided his views on ‘utilitarianism’ that are related to the moral perception. He argued that utilitarianism focuses on the action that promotes happiness. Morality and happiness are interlinked, and this approach by Mill is linked to the Singer’s perception of morality.

Utilitarianism and Morality

Peter Singer was of the view that starvation due to lack of food is immoral and resourceful people should sacrifice to aid poor people.

Provision of shelter and food is the positive aspect of morality, and they are quality deeds.

Mill argues that happiness is quality which is located in the attainment of people’s goals.  When specific ends of people are fulfilled, it results in happiness and causes positive moral values in the society.

Mill description of utilitarianism in the form of virtuous happiness is positively describing the happiness attribute by a singer.

Utilitarianism is an ethical approach that is morally linked with the society.

Contrarily, Pojman’s objection on utilitarianism is four in numbers, of which, ‘the integrity objection’ works against the principle of utilitarianism. Peter Singer argued that moral philosophy is inherent in the society that is based on goods and bads of actions. Ethical principles of Singer are objected by Pojman by integrity value.

Pojman presents his notion of integrity in a way that utilitarianism works negatively for the moral laws. According to him, utilitarianism is against the moral values because it goes away to provide comfort to people and it violates moral integrity.

Singer coined that theory of ethics is based on the assumption of life in which righteous deeds works and the feelings of a human being are superior to any other thing.

The moral obligations require a person to sacrifice its comfort, to give preference to destitute.


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